Root canal treatment is performed when the pulp is damaged due to decays or trauma to an extent that self-healing is impossible. Pulp is the soft layer composed of a vessel-nerve package in the innermost tooth. Infection in the tooth and tissues occurs if inflamed or damaged pulp is not removed and the tooth may even be lost.
Root canal treatment is an operation applied by dentists to treat and fill the cavity constituting the inner part of teeth and filled by pulp tissue.
The aim of root canal treatment is the removal of bacteria and dead tissues from the canals of each tooth. The stages are as follows:
1. If the tooth is dead, there will be no need to anesthetize but if tooth is alive, it is anesthetized in order to prevent pain during the operation.
2. Decays of the tooth are removed, if any, as well as inflamed pulp tissue, nerves and tissue residues.
3. Canals are shaped and expanded up to the apex of the root to the right size and the root canals are cleaned.
4. If the condition of the tooth does not allow for treatment to be completed within one visit, canals and the tooth gap are temporarily filled.
5. Until all inflammation disappears, dressing visits including washing and medication continue.
6. When the dentist is sure the area is healed, the root canals are filled up to the apex of the root.
7. In some cases, canal treatment may be completed in one visit without the need for these additional visits.